Inevitable Future: Space Colonization Beyond Earth with Microbes First

Based on modern microbiology, we propose a major revision in current space exploration philosophy and planetary protection policy, especially regarding microorganisms in space. Mainly, microbial introduction should not be considered accidental but inevitable. We hypothesize the near impossibility of exploring new planets without carrying and/or delivering any microbial travelers. In addition, although we highlight the … Continue reading Inevitable Future: Space Colonization Beyond Earth with Microbes First

Environmental drivers of bacterioplankton community structure in the northern Gulf of Mexico

Cole G. Easson & Jose V. Lopez The Gulf of Mexico (GoM) is a dynamic marine ecosystem influenced by multiple natural and anthropogenic processes and inputs, such as the intrusion of warm oligotrophic water via the Loop Current, freshwater and nutrient input by the Mississippi River, and hydrocarbon inputs via natural seeps and industrial spills. … Continue reading Environmental drivers of bacterioplankton community structure in the northern Gulf of Mexico